Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
96, Boulevard Erkindik, Bishkek,
720040, Kyrgyz Republic
Tel.: +996 (312) 30-46-17, 90-12-95
Fax: +996 (312) 90-12-95
e-mail: booking@inspiro.kg
Eng

Turkistan


Turkistan

 

TurkistanAt Turkistan, 165 km northwest of Shymkent past cotton fields and salt marsh at the edge of the Kyzylkum desert stands Kazakhstans greatest building and its most important site of Muslim pilgrimage. The Mausoleum of the first great Turkic Muslim holy man, Qozha Akhmed Yasaui, was built on a grand scale by Timur in the late 14th century.

Founded perhaps as early as the 5th century AD, and known as Yasy or Shavgar till the 16th, the town was by the 12th century an important trade and religious center, on a boundary between nomadic and agricultural societies. It once had 14 mosques. Later it became a northerly outpost of the Kokand khanate, falling to the Russian push of 1864. Its an almost entirely Kazak town (some of whose people understand little or no Russian), with a thriving bazaar. Qozha Akhmed Yasaui, the revered 12th century Sufi teacher and Turkic mystical poet, was born at Sayrameast of Shymkent. He underwent ascetic Sufi training in Bukhara, but lived much of the rest of his life in Turkistan, dying her about 1166.

One legend tells that at the age of 63 he retired to an underground cell for the rest of his life, in mourning for the Prophet Muhammad who had died at the same age. He founded the Yasaui Sufi sect. Timur died before it was complete and the front face was left unfinished, flanked by two rounds in the main chamber towers but still studded with scaffolding like whiskers. The loveliest parts are the exquisite tiling mainly blue and turquoise - on the outer walls and on the small fluted rear dome, which rises over the burial chamber. You can steel see a vast bronze kazan for holy water, donated by Timur. To either side are 35 smaller rooms in two floors. Yasaui s tomb is in the room behind the main chamber. To its right of Yasaui tomb is the tomb of Abylqayyr, a 15th century leader of the nomadic Uzbeks, who was killed in the 1468 feud which split the Uzbeks and effectively gave birth to the Kazak people. Earlier, Abylqayyr had rescued Samarkands Timurid sultan Abu Sayid from a usurper, and been rewarded with a noble Timurid wife, Rabigha-Sultan Begim, a replica of whose own tomb stands outside the main mausoleum (the original was turndown for tsarist building material in 1898. Nearby is a bathhouse, in use from the 15th or 16th century until it was made a museum in 1975. In 1995 the Turkish government, which has already financed much of the restoration work here, pledged $35 million.

Inspiro Group - Travel & Logistics


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