Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
96, Boulevard Erkindik, Bishkek,
720040, Kyrgyz Republic
Tel.: +996 (312) 30-46-17, 90-12-95
Fax: +996 (312) 90-12-95
e-mail: booking@inspiro.kg
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Architecture


Architecture

 
Uzbekistan is a country of ancient high culture of its exceptional architectural patterns.

Famous historians of the East in their writings on the ancient cities such as Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva and other places of the rulers, places of residence of aristocracy, market places, madrasah, mausoleums, and describe them as very beautiful with evergreen gardens.

In the 11th-12th centuries, Samarkand became one of the major cities in the region. There was an intensive construction of attractive houses, civil and religious buildings. The growth of the cities, increase of the urban population, and expansion of internal and international trade routes caused construction of many caravansaraies. Among the urban places, such as mosques and praying houses were designed with special attention.

Architecture of Temur's period is a fine example of a modern city in the 13th century. Strong castles were symbols of strong government, authority and victory of Islamic civilization, marketplaces - symbol of the role of trade, and the living quarters - the essence of the complex urban life. Among the most significant buildings of that time were palaces, such as Oksaroy in Shakhrisabz, the Bibi-Khonim Mosque and the Guri Emir Mausoleum, large part of the complex of Shokhi Zinda, the Ulugbek Madrasah in Samrkand.

The architectural buildings of Central Asia in the 16th and 17th centuries are very famous around the world. A few of them are Registam in Samarkand, Minaret Kalon, Lyabi Khavuz, Abulaziz Khan madrasah in Bukhara, and other.

Khiva became a fine example of Central Asian open-museum city in the middle of the 18th century when there were constructed large ensembles and buildings.

An inhabited house of 19th century in Bukhara has a closed character and is isolated from street noise and dust. Its isolated rooms were built according the the weather changes and create a unique microclimate in both the heat and cold.

An increased terrace opened to the wind promotes the creation of a favorable microclimate in houses in Khiva. In Fergana, for example, houses had sliding walls and shutters, and were decorated with niches, ganch and other characteristic conditions.

In the second half of the 19th century, the regular national architechture eas affected by the root principles od European architecture. There was new types of buildings - banks, schools, gymnasiums, etc. The basic material to buid thick walls was burned brick, which gave stability during earthquakes.



Inspiro Group - Travel & Logistics


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