Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
Inspiro Group - Travel and Logistics
96, Boulevard Erkindik, Bishkek,
720040, Kyrgyz Republic
Tel.: +996 (312) 30-46-17, 90-12-95
Fax: +996 (312) 90-12-95
e-mail: booking@inspiro.kg
Eng

Termez


Termez

 

TermezTermez is a city in southern Uzbekistan near the border with Afghanistan. The city was named by Greeks who came with Alexander the Great. Termez means in Greek "hot" or "hot place" (Thermo or Thermos). It is still the hottest point of Uzbekistan. It has a population of 140,404 (1 January 2005), and is the capital of the Surxondaryo Province. Its most famous native son is Al-Tirmidhi, born in its suburb Bugh and buried in 60 kilometers north of Termez, on the outskirts of Sherobod. He is locally know as Iso At Termezi or Termez Ota (Father of Termez City). Al Khakim At Termizi, one of the famous Sufi leaders is buried in the suburds of Termez. He is also know as Termez Ota (Father of Termez City).

The river Amu Darya divides the two countries and the "Bridge of Appeasement" or AfghanistanUzbekistan Friendship Bridge is the only way to Afghanistan.An ancient settlement was discovered near Termez, which was populated in the times of the Greek-Bactrain rule (3rd - 2nd c. B.C). It was center of Buddhism at the period of Kushans (1st -2nd c. C.E.) When Arabs came (in the 7th -8th c.) the city became the center of Islam. Said Baraka, Amir Temurs teacher was from old Termiz. Said Baraka was philosopher, war strategic and religious nobleman. During Amir Timur's time Termez continued to prosper, however it was destroyed at the end of 17th century.

Sights
Karatepa
Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi
Kirk Kiz
Jarkurgan
Complex of Sultan Saodat
Kokildor-Ota

Karatepa

Karatepa is a Buddhist place of worship built on three hills situated in the north-west part of Old Termez. It includes a number of temples and monasteries that appeared in the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The architecture of Karatepa is characterized by a combination of caves cut in quaternary sandstone, and surface buildings made of pahsa and unbaked brick. Interiors of the shrines were decorated with topical and ornamental paintings on stucco plaster and sculptures made of loess and clay. In the architectural decor marble-like limestone and carved stucco were widely used.

The Karatepa center achieved the peak of flourishing in the 2nd-3rd centuries. In 4th-5th centuries a considerable part of the shrines stopped functioning. During that period caves were used as burial places, and entranceways were usually bricked up. However, it is highly probable that some shrines, or at least their surface parts continued to exist as Buddhist places of worship till the 6th century. The walls of Karatepa caves still carry numerous graffiti drawings and visitors inscriptions made both when the Buddhist center was functioning and in the period of its decline when caves were still accessible.

Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi

The main holy place of Termez is the Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi, a well-known theologian of the IX c., considered to be as a sacred protector of the city. He was buried near the citadel of medieval Termez. Later, a mausoleum of baked brick was built above. It had one chamber with a portal dome. The dome was carried by four strong arches and supported by corbel-cell sails. The entrance was on the south side; the northern archway was open and the remaining ones were blocked off. At the end of the XI c., the interiors of the mausoleum were richly decorated with carved ganch. A new small mausoleum was built in 1389-1390, according to the inscription on the portal. At the beginning of XV c., under the rule of Khalil Sultan, a grandson of Amir Temur, (1405- 1409) on the east-west axis of the mausoleum was erected the largest building complex. This was the largest building hanaqoh a house for wanderers, dervishes and faqihs with impressive artwork.

Kirk Kiz

The "Kirk Kiz" building ("forty girls) has been considered as a palace, an abbey, a caravansarai, Hanaqoh, or just simply a civil construction. The complex "Kirk Kiz" is situated 3 km. from the ancient city of Termez. Local tradition connects it with the well-known national legend in which the princess Gulaim and her forty girls bravely struggled against raiding nomads. The building of "Kirk Kiz" is a square of about 54m each side of raw brick construction. At all corners of the building were protected by strong towers. There is an inside arched aperture, and also some large windows cut through each facade. There are two in intersections in the hallways placed on the two axes of the building dividing it into four equal parts. There is a little square courtyard in the centre of the building, covered by a dome. The two northern quadrants of the building have identical floor plans. The southwest quadrant of the building is almost identical. The different system of its roofing and style, the design of the bay walls, window frames and doorways are examples of raw brick architecture.

Jarkurgan

Jarkurgan was erected in 1109 by the architect Ali b. Muhammad Serakhsi. From the former two-tier minaret only the lower tier has been preserved. The shaft of it was decorated with 16 closed half columns, which were fluted skillfully, like a fir tree spreading out its boughs towards the bottom and coming closer to each other in the upper part, where they reached the height of 20m, finishing in a horizontal design. Inscriptions from the Qur'an were not finished here; however, there was also a band with more elaborate patterns in the shaft, which was not preserved. The original height of the his minaret was about of 21.6m, with bottom diameter of 5.4 m. and top diameter of 4.1m. Everyone was very impressed when looking at the carefully done ornamental artwork displayed on the minaret. Minaret in Jarkurgan was similar to minarets of Northern India and Khorasan.

Complex of Sultan Saodat

The complex of Sultan Saodat was developed during the period of XI-XVII c. at the graves of the Termez sayyids. It had a number of cult structures added at different times: mausoleums, mosques and hanagoh, built on the perimeter of an elongated courtyard with a combination of integral and short compositions. The most ancient part was a three-part frontal opening the southwest part of the complex to the courtyard side. Here are located two large one- chambered, square-domed mausoleums. They arc joined with an aperture terrace with a mihrab placed between them, which was used as a funeral prayer niosque. Researchers have dated this ancient group to the XI-XII or the middle of XI c.

Kokildor-Ota - Termez

The Kokildor-Ota is mentioned by researchers for its architecture and unusual planning, as a khanaka mausoleum of the XVI c. worthy of note. It is thought that the name of the saint buried witnesses about his participation in the rite of cutting the tuft of hair of some believers who gave a vow to the tuft of hair till the time when some definite events took place in their life. This was portal-domed multi-chambered construction frontal composition with a brick wall.

The monumental portal of the building was more characteristic of the XV c. In the interior hall there are gravestones: the largest one belonged to Kokildor- Ota. Researchers have suggested that it could have been redecorated in the epoch of Temurids, probably in the period when remodeling was done to the monumental structures in the complex of Hakim at- Termizi and Sultan Saodat.

Termez Termez Termez Termez Termez Termez Termez Termez Termez Termez Termez

Inspiro Group - Travel & Logistics


Muza Tours and Travel
Suggested Hotels
Single - 189$
Double - 210$
Single - 231$
Double - 263$
Muza Tours and Travel